Rauschenberg was a master of making dense.

An assembler of life's 'things' transformed in historical collections of artifacts. For me his work is both simple and immensely complex. He inspired a generation of artists and will undoubtedly continue to do so for generations to come.

Condencity_6 abandoned form

Ewha Women's University Student Center: Dominique Perrault, Architect
Subterranean form- invisible- given way to a new cultural landscape

Le Fresnoy: Bernard Tschumi Architect
An anti-form born of site driven circumstances. Reuse of existing buildings combined under a unifying roof shelter: combining space, function and experience.

Architecture [what we might consider environmental design] requires a kind of pervasive permeability; a seamless relationship of the greater natural and constructed environments. Building must be an active participant in the environment in which it exists.

'Co-existent' architecture is against style- anti-form. Arguably, deconstructivism has uncovered what has become a need to reconnect the fragments of city/ place and a desire to go beyond formal design language and image; more specifically architectural 'style'. Outcomes predicated upon ideas and theories, extended to challenge the processes by which architecture is conceived. Our generation is challenged to take a step further in creating architectures which, in effect, are one with place; where form making is purely a product of analytic search and spatial necessity. 

How might we go further to dissolve 'image making' in order to promote a seamless connection within the environment at large?


As designer's of the built environment we have the incredible responsibility of acute contextual awareness. Beyond that we must seek to predict future conditions that anticipate new and yet to be seen environmental and urban conditions. All of this sometimes seems impossible to incorporate in a project and yet without broad dimensional considerations architecture falls well short of it's potential as a contributor in the environment.
My partner and I began this modest student housing project in South Korea with the intention of an expanded typology for student living given the realization of current residential practices in the region. Each dwelling was designed as self sufficient and autonomous spaces within a collective sustainable building 'unit'. The macro planning of each residential 'unit' is positioned between what we considered unconditioned spatial 'buffers'; corridor and patio space. Each plan takes advantage of site solar orientation as well as serving basic functional needs for student occupants (cooking, laundry, storage etc.) 
The layout of the building intended for a sequence of experiences as one passes from street side entry to dwelling space. A long, straight stair at the flanking west side of the building connects to each of three floors of studio apartment units. A single loaded corridor off of the stair establishes an informal entry and internal seasonal buffer. Each exposed end of the studio unit is 'padded' with enclosed patio space providing necessary environmental and privacy insulation for each apartment. The corridor and patio spaces function as  previously mentioned 'buffers' in both intense summer heat and cold winter months.
The growing urban area in which the apartment is located will soon be a major urban center for the city of Gwangju. It is projected that in the next decade much of the vacant ground around the site will be developed.

Gallery Opening

Currently on display at Gensler- San Francisco through July 25th 2008 are a few of my recent paintings alongside some impressive works by professional colleagues.